Gk Quiz for SSC CGL exam 2017

Q1. Which of the following is used as a preservative in tomato sauce?
निम्न में से कौन सा एक टमाटर सॉस केसंरक्षक के रूप में प्रयोगकिया जाता है
(a)  Sodium chloride/ सोडियम क्लोराइड
(b)  Sodium bicarbonate / सोडियम बाइकार्बोनेट
(c )  Sodium benzoate / सोडियम बेंजोएट
(d)  Sodiumlauryl  suphate/ सोडियम लॉरिल सल्फ़ेट

Ans (c) As a food preservative, sodium benzoate is most widely used in acidic foods such as salad dressings (vinegar), carbonated drinks (carbonic acid), jams and fruit juices (citric acid), pickles (vinegar), and condiments. Sodium benzoate preserves food by having anti-fungal properties, protecting foods from invasion by fungi that cause food to spoil and potentially make you sick.

Q2. ‘Mitakshara’ an authoritative treatise on Hindu law ,was written by ?
मिताक्षरा‘ हिंदू कानून पर आधरित एक ग्रंथ,किस के द्वारा लिखागया
(a) Manu / मनु
(b) Hemadri/ हिमाद्री
(c ) Vigneswara / विग्नेस्वर
(d) Jimutavahana / जीमूतवाहन

Ans (c) The Mitakara is a school of Law on the Yajnavalkya Smriti best known for its theory of “inheritance by birth.” It was written by Vijnanesvara, a scholar in the Western Chalukya court in the late eleventh and early twelfth century. Along with the Dayabhaga, it was considered one of the main authorities on Hindu Law from the time the British began administering laws in India.

Manu is a term found with various meanings in different mythologies of Hinduism. In early texts, it refers to the first man.
Q3.  Clove, a commonly used spice, is taken from which part of the plant?
लौंगआमतौर पर इस्तेमाल मसालेसंयंत्र का हिस्सा है जो कीलिया जाता है
(a) Root / जड़
(b) Stem / तना
(c ) fruit / फल
(d) Flower / फूल

Ans (d) Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree. These trees are native to the Maluku Islands in Indonesia, and are commonly used as a spice. Cloves are commercially harvested primarily in Bangladesh, Indonesia, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania. Cloves are available throughout the year.

Q4. Old written material which cannot be read easily , can by read by ?
पुरानी लिखित सामग्रीजो आसानी से नही पढ़ी जाती है वह किसके द्वारा पढ़ी जा सकती है
(a) Infra – red rays / अवरक्त किरणों
(b) Ultra violet rays / पराबैंगनी किरणे
(c ) Mercury vapour lamp / पारा वाष्प लैंप
(d) Sulphur vapour lamp / सल्फर वाष्प लैंप

Ans (a) Old written material which cannot be read easily,

by Infra – red rays.Infra red rays produce an
illuminating effect on the words that helps to read.
Q5. The earth’s atmosphere cools most rapidly on a ?
पृथ्वी के वायुमंडल सबसे तेजी से ठंडा कब होता है?
(a) Clear night/ बिना बादल वाली रात
(b) cloudy day/ बादलों भरा दिन
(c ) cloudy night/ मेघाच्छादित रात
(d) windy day / तेज़ हवाओं वाला दिन

Ans (a) On clear nights Earth’s surface cools down faster than on cloudy nights. This is because all the heat radiated by the Earth is allowed to escape back as there is no cloud cover. But the presence of a cloud cover traps the heat between the land surface and the cloud cover not allowing it to escape. Such days are warmer.

Q6. Cardamom is mainly grown in?
इलायची मुख्य रूप से कहा उगाई जाती है
(a) Karnataka / कर्नाटक
(b) kerala / केरल
(c) Haryana/ हरियाणा
(d) a and  b above

Ans (d) India is a major producer, consumer and exporter of small cardamom. In India, small cardamom is mainly cultivated in Kerala (60%), Karnataka (30%) and Tamil Nadu (10%). Small cardamom is one of the most expensive spices in the world. Plants of small cardamom are naturally seen in the hilly tracts of the Western Ghats.

Q7. Which of the following dynasties is the oldest ?
निम्नलिखित में से सबसे पुराना राजवंश कौन सा है
(a) Cholas/ चॉल्स
(b) Sata vahanas/ सातवहनस
(c) Pallavas/ पल्लव
(d) Chalukyas  / चालुक्यो

Ans (a) The Early Cholas of the pre and post Sangam period (300 BC – 200 CE) were one of the three main kingdoms of the ancient Tamil country.

Satavahana dynasty ruled from Pune in Maharashtra to Coastal Andhra Pradesh in the second century BC onwards. This dynasty was built up on the ruins of the Maurya Empire and around 1st century AD, they were the most prominent in the Modern Andhra Pradesh Region.
The rulers of Pallava dynasty were subordinates of the Satavahanas in the Deccan, moved into Andhra, and then to Kanchi, where they became rulers. Ruled from  early 4th-century to late 9th-century
Q8. Why is one ‘s breath visible in cold but not in hot weather ?
क्यों ठंड में एक की सांस दिखाई लेकिन गर्मी के मौसम में नहीं है
(a) Due to cold /ठंड के कारण
(b)    In the cold weather the water vapours  contained  in the exhaled breath condence                           in to small droplets of water which becomes visible
(c ) Because the birth is hot /क्योंकि जन्म गर्म है
(d) none of the above /इनमे से कोई भी नहीं

Ans (b)  When you exhale when it’s cold outside, the water vapor in your breath condenses into lots of tiny droplets of liquid water and ice (solid water) that you can see in the air as a cloud, similar to fog. This scientific process is called condensation.

Q9. Rajagopalachari’s formula was ?
राजगोपालाचारी का क्या सूत्र था ?
(a) Merger of princely states / रियासतों के विलय
(b) Formulation of a separate muslim  state / एक अलगमुस्लिम राज्य बनाना
(c ) Plebiscite among muslims whether they should from a separate state/ मुसलमानों के बीच जनमत संग्रहक्यावह एक अलग राज्य चाहते है
(d) Forming a constituent assembly  / संविधान सभा कागठन

Ans (c)

Q10. The main function of the national development council is
राष्ट्रीय विकास परिषद का मुख्य कार्यक्या है
(a) to promote national integration / राष्ट्रीय एकता कोबढ़ावा देना
(b) to develop villages / गांवों का विकास करना
(c) to review the working of the national plan from time to time / समयसमय पर राष्ट्रीय योजना की कार्यप्रणाली कोदेखना
(d) none of the above   / इनमे से कोईनहीं

Ans (c) The National Development Council plays a vital role in the process of Indian Planning and Development. It provides a forum in which the Union Ministers and Chief Ministers of States discuss the plans at important stages in their formulation